- Alter, Isaac Meir, of Gur
- (1799-1866)Founder of a dynasty of Hasidic rabbis in Gur near Warsaw. He published numerous halakhic works.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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JACOB ISAAC HA-ḤOZEH MI-LUBLIN — (1745–1815), ḥasidic ẓaddik known by the epithet Ha Ḥozeh mi Lublin ( the Seer of Lublin ). Jacob Isaac was born in Lukow, the son of Abraham Eliezer ha Levi, the rabbi of Jozefow, a descendent of Isaiah ben abraham ha levi horowitz (Ha Shelah).… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
FEIGENBAUM, ISAAC HA-KOHEN — (1826–1911), Polish rabbi and posek. Feigenbaum studied under R. Isaac Meir Alter of Gur (gora kalwaria ). In 1893 he founded the first periodical devoted to rabbinic studies, the monthly Sha arei Torah, to which leading contemporary rabbis… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GORA KALWARIA — (Yid. Ger; Heb. Gur), town 19 mi. (30 km.) S.E. of Warsaw, Poland. The town, known popularly as Nowy Jeruzalem, obtained a charter in 1670 which included a clause prohibiting the settlement of Jews there. Jews were first permitted to settle in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AḤARONIM — (Heb. אַחֲרוֹנִים; lit. the later (authorities), a term used to designate the later rabbinic authorities, in contrast to the rishonim , the earlier authorities. Although scholars differ as to the exact chronological dividing line between the two … Encyclopedia of Judaism
RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤIDDUSHIM — (Heb. חִדּוּשִׁים, novellae ), the results of a method of study of rabbinical literature which derives new ideas from talmudic and also rabbinic texts, in order to clarify halakhah. The ḥiddushim represent the obligation imposed upon us to search … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SIMḤAH BUNEM OF PRZYSUCHA — (Pshiskha; 1765–1827), ḥasidic ẓaddik in Poland. He was born in Wodzislaw, Poland. His father, R. Ẓevi, was an itinerant preacher (maggid) in Poland and central Europe. R. Simḥah Bunem traveled to central Europe to learn from R. Jeremiah of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KOTSK, MENAHEM MENDEL (Morgenstern) OF — (1787–1859), one of the outstanding and most original leaders of the ḥasidic movement. Menahem Mendel was born in Bilgoraj, Poland, to a rabbinic family. After his marriage he was exposed to Ḥasidism and traveled to Lublin to see R. Jacob Isaac… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤANOKH OF ALEKSANDROW — (1798–1870), ḥasidic ẓaddik and leader; son of Phinehas ha Kohen of Lutomirsk. He became a disciple of Simḥah Bunim of Przysucha (Pshiskhah) and Menahem Mendel of kotsk , and served as rabbi in aleksandrow near Lodz, and later in Nowy Dwor, and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism